5 Risk Factors for Gum Disease

Gum Disease Falls Church, VA

Gum disease is a bacterial infection that involves the gums and the bone surrounding the teeth. Gum diseases can affect one or multiple teeth. You should take care of your teeth and gums for the sake of your oral health. Read about risk factors for gum disease and how to prevent it.

Gum disease risk factors

There are three main stages of gum or periodontal disease, and they are all treated differently. Gingivitis is a very common and non-destructive form of periodontal disease. If left untreated, it can progress to periodontitis, which is more serious and often leads to tooth loss. Signs of gingivitis include red and swollen gums that bleed easily when brushing. Fortunately, it usually resolves easily with good oral hygiene.

There are many causes of gum disease, including a build-up of bacteria around the gums. However, other factors can also affect the health of gums. Many symptoms of gum disease usually do not appear until an advanced stage of the disease. It is, therefore, important to be aware of some of the risk factors for gum disease.


Smoking is terrible for the mouth. It is responsible for a large percentage of gum disease cases. Smoking can even interfere with the successful treatment of the disease. Smoking is also linked with many other health problems.


During pregnancy and puberty, women may be more prone to periodontal disease. They are also at a higher risk after menopause, mainly because the mouth usually becomes drier. This can lead to gum disease and other oral diseases. In general, hormones associated with menopause, pregnancy, and puberty may increase the chances of developing gum disease.

Medical conditions

Diabetes is a serious condition that affects many people in the United States. Individuals with diabetes have a greater chance of developing periodontal disease. Diabetes can have serious effects on the body, and it even makes gum disease progress rapidly. Treatments for some conditions or illnesses, like Aids or cancer, can also increase the risk for gum disease.

Dry mouth and stress

Many individuals suffer from dry mouth because of dehydration. Most people do not drink enough water or drink things that dehydrate them, such as alcohol and caffeine. Saliva helps to prevent gum disease by washing away bacteria on the gums and tongue. Dry mouth increases people’s chances of developing gum disease because it makes it easier for plaque to stick to the teeth. Stress is linked to numerous health problems. Dental professionals believe that stress can make it hard for the body to fight off infection, including periodontal diseases.


Some of the common risk factors for gum disease include smoking, hormone changes in women, diabetes, stress, and dry mouth. Knowing the risk factors for gum disease is key to taking steps to avoid it. It is essential to keep the gums healthy. This involves brushing your teeth twice a day and flossing at least once every day. It is also crucial to see your general dentist regularly. To find out more about gum disease, talk to your dentist today.

Request an appointment here: https://fallschurch.smilemakerscenter.com or call Smile Makers Dental Center at (703) 828-0612 for an appointment in our Falls Church office.

Check out what others are saying about our dental services on Yelp: Gum Disease in Falls Church, VA.

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